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Treatment and Prevention of Diseases linked to Poverty

A Public Health Approach

Of all the diseases linked to poverty, AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis are responsible for nearly 10% of global mortality and primarily occur in the least developed countries.

On the basis of its expertise in public health, AEDES has always advocated an integrated approach in the fight against these diseases. The aim of this practical approach is to integrate prevention and treatment and encourage their decentralisation as much as possible in order to improve the financial and geographical accessibility of health care.

Another of AEDES' key strategies is to improve health information systems to make it possible to assess and reshape the strategies introduced.

Specialist Technical Expertise

The fight against diseases such as HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis requires specific know-how in prevention and treatment, protocol decisions, training, community involvement and medicine supply. In each of these fields AEDES has established an extensive network of experts: clinicians, public health doctors, social anthropologists, economists, pharmacists and medicine and medical supplies procurement and distribution specialists.


AEDES has developed expertise both in broad areas such as policies, strategic directions and HIV/AIDS intervention planning, and in more specific areas such as supporting patient-centred care, direct cooperation with associations of people living with HIV/AIDS and improving access to antiretroviral drugs.

Broad areas:

  • Assessing the impact of the European Union DG for Development HIV/AIDS budget for the period 1994-2000, which included field analyses in four countries;
  • Providing support in drafting country proposals for the Global Fund, preparing support for the NAP (National Aids Plan), developing various health care decentralisation programmes, programme assessments and policy recommendations.

Specific areas:

  • AEDES is working with the Belgian Red Cross on a national infectious diseases programme (AIDS and hepatitis) in Libya, with funding from the European Union.
  • Between 2005 and 2008, AEDES coordinated a multi-country project to create a mutually reinforcing dynamic between stakeholders in the fight against HIV/AIDS (Haiti, Guinea and Burundi, see The aim of this project was to improve the quality of the care given to people living with HIV/AIDS by improving basic health services, developing public, private and association networks and developing charters of good practice.
  • Assessing, monitoring and supporting supply channels for ARVs and drugs for AIDS-related illnesses.
  • Developing training profiles and modules for treating PLHIVs in different contexts.
  • Setting up patient records and follow-up reports and developing a software package to monitor patients on ARVs.
  • Economic research on the cost-effectiveness of treatment.

AEDES works closely with an extensive network of experts and with various public health institutions in the field of HIV/AIDS: ESTHER, SIDACTION, Institute of Tropical Medicine Antwerp, national public health institutes in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Madagascar and Burundi and GESKHIO in Haiti. We also work with various international and local NGOs such as MSF, AIDES, ANSS in Burundi, CONCERN and SOE in Haiti, FMG in Guinea and also with the private sector (PCS).


AEDES has launched a specific and original initiative to transfer drug production technologies to African countries (for instance, for the production of antimalarial drugs) through its association with a group of pharmaceutical experts (OTECI). The objective is to promote local production managed as a "public interest" institution and to ensure that the quality of the products available improves (Madagascar, Kenya and Uganda, see the website

AEDES can call on the support of numerous partners and associates involved in the fight against malaria, in particular, the Institute of Tropical Medicine Antwerp, Université Paris 7 and the Institut de Santé Publique in Madagascar, NGOs such as Médecins sans Frontières, Epicentre, public-private partnerships such as DNDI ( and international organisations such as WHO and Roll Back Malaria.